Technological ecosystems and ontologies for an educational model based on Web 3.0

Cita: Sein-Echaluce, M. L., Fidalgo-Blanco, Á., & Esteban-Escaño, J. (2019). Technological ecosystems and ontologies for an educational model based on Web 3.0. Universal Access in the Information Society18(3), 645-658.

Title

Technological ecosystems and ontologies for an educational model based on Web 3.0

Abstract

Active learning promotes knowledge creation as a learning strategy for students working both individually and cooperatively. Learning 2.0 supported by the Web 2.0 model is based on the idea that students are creators of resources that can be used by students and teachers.

This work begins in a context in which active learning is used and a model 2.0 through which students create, share and use resources through different channels of a technological ecosystem. From this context, a framework 3.0 was developed and tested, based on the Web 3.0 model, in which all the resources generated by students and teachers are organised and classified through an ontology which can be transferred to other subjects.

Moreover, a semantic search system was developed that operates by drawing inferences between the elements of the ontologies. The framework was validated in two groups, respectively. One group was able to use the content they generated in real time, while the other group was only able to use content generated by students in previous courses.

The result obtained was that both groups preserved the characteristics of learning in the 2.0 model, and the transition to the 3.0 model allowed better access to the knowledge created in the subject as well as an improvement in the searchability of resources. A relationship was also identified between model 3.0 and an improvement in students’ grades.

Authors

Ángel Fidalgo-Blanco (angel.fidalgo@upm.es) Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, España

María Luisa Sein-Echaluce (mlsein@unizar.es) Universidad de Zaragoza, España

Javier Esteban Escaño (javeste@unizar.es@unizar.es) Universidad de Zaragoza, España

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